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Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Size Forecast to Reach $3.6 Billion by 2026

October 22
23:07 2021
Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market Size Forecast to Reach $3.6 Billion by 2026
Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market
Major Factors Driving the Growth of the Market Is the Increasing Demand for Polybutylene Terephthalate, Tetrahydrofuran ., etc From Various Industries and Stringent Government Regulations Restricting the Use of Synthetic 1,4-butanediol.

Bio-based 1,4-Butanediol Market size is forecast to reach US$3.6 billion by 2026, after growing at a CAGR of 6.3% during 2021-2026. The major factors driving the growth of the market is the increasing demand for polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), tetrahydrofuran, aldehyde dehydrogenase, and gamma hydroxybutyric acid from various industries and stringent government regulations restricting the use of synthetic 1,4-butanediol. Further, the government agencies such as the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are encouraging the utilization of renewable feedstocks towards the production of chemicals which is further boosting the segment. The fermentation process is energy-intensive and there is likely to be an opportunity to improve efficiency and further cut costs through process optimization and innovation, further improving the competitive edge of the bio-based 1,4-butanediol industry during the forecast period.

COVID-19 Impact

The tragedy of COVID-19, which is declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization, is having a noticeable impact on global economic growth. The fuel extra neutral alcohol market was affected due to the COVID-19 pandemic where most of the industrial activities are at a halt. This in turn has affected the demand and supply chain as well, thereby limiting the growth in 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent halt in manufacturing activities of automobiles and electronic products also had an immediate impact on the supply and demand of bio-based 1, 4 Butanediol. In addition, the import-export restriction made it hard for the manufacturers to attain the raw materials required for producing bio-based 1,4-butanediol. Furthermore, supply chain disruption in trade also gravely impacted the availability of bio-based 1, 4 butanediol chemical stocks in import-dependent countries. All these factors created a hurdle for the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market growth and restricted the revenue in 2020.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Segment Analysis – By Source

Sugar segment held the largest share of more than 45% in the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market in 2020. Sugar is being directly utilized as a feedstock with direct fermentation and Genomatica’s patented process (GENO BDO) to produce bio-BDO. Several European companies are active in fermenting BDO directly from dextrose, as well as PBT production, based on Genomatica’s technology. As per estimates of Genomatica, the production costs for bio-BDO can be 15-30% lower than fossil-BDO. Novamont under the joint venture with Genomatica has invested US$50 million to set up a plant where it will use Genomatica’s patented technology to meet the increasing demand for biopolymer products that incorporate BDO. Further, DSM is incorporating Genomatica’s technology to increase the bio-based content of their products to as high as 73%. Such initiatives and advantages related to the sugar production route are anticipated to drive its market growth.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Segment Analysis – By Technology

Genomatica process technology segment held the largest share of more than 35% in the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market in 2020. The process technology is used for the production of BDO and renewable BDO. The process includes a single-step fermentation, which can be based on dextrose or sucrose as renewable feedstock. BDO is produced from sugar in GENO BDO process technology. BDO is one of the compounds Genomatica is using to decouple from fossil fuels on a large scale (1,4-butanediol). BDO is a widely utilized chemical that is employed in the production of a wide range of items, including plastic packaging, coffee capsules, and automobile parts. Novamont opened the world’s first commercial-scale facility for bio-based BDO manufacturing using Genomatica’s technology. The plant is designed to create 30,000 tonnes of BDO per year, which will be used to build bioplastics such as fruit and vegetable bags, coffee capsules, and mulch film. The products made with bio-based BDO are expected to produce approximately 56% less greenhouse gas emissions compared to products made with conventional BDO. Genomatica’s processes achieve better economics with enhanced sustainability and a smaller environmental footprint than conventional, petroleum-based manufacturing processes, owing to which this process is a preferred choice for the manufacturing process.

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Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Segment Analysis – By Application

Polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG) segment held the largest share of more than 30% in the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market in 2020 and is growing at a CAGR of 8.9% during 2021-2026. Polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG) is one of the most used bio-BDO (butanediol) based products when compared with tetrahydrofuran, polybutylene terephthalate, aldehyde dehydrogenase, gamma hydroxybutyric acid. PTMEG is mostly used to produce spandex fibers, thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU), and Copolyester ether (COPE). The demand for PTMEG is mostly driven by the usage of TPU in various applications such as automotive instrument panels, caster wheels, power tools, sporting goods, construction, medical devices, drive belts, footwear. Apart from that, usage of PTMEG in apparel and sportswear is also expected to drive the demand for PTMEG in the major markets during the forecast period.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Segment Analysis – By End-Use Industry

Automotive segment held the largest share in the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market in 2020 and is growing at a CAGR of 12.7% during 2021-2026. In the manufacture of PBT and polytetramethylene ether glycol (PTMEG), which is used in automotive production, 1,4-butanediol is heavily utilized. The 1,4-butanediol market has also shifted to bio-based materials for the development of 1,4-butanediol, with increasing environmental regulations and an emphasis on developing eco-friendly products. Thus, the use of bio-based 1,4-butanediol in PBT production has also been growing at the same time. PBT is a thermoplastic polyester that is semi-crystalline, white or off-white, with higher impact strength, great electrical resistance, and excellent chemical resistance. These characteristics of PBT make it commonly suited for use in the automotive industry. PBT is used in both indoor and outdoor applications, especially in automotive electrical systems. In Asia-Pacific countries, such as India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand, the automotive industry has seen significant growth in investment and development. In addition, regions such as North America and Europe have invested in the innovation and production of cars with materials that are efficient and more environmentally friendly. Such activities in the automotive sector are projected to boost worldwide demand for PBT for automotive applications, which is likely to increase market demand further in the coming years.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Segment Analysis – By Geography

Asia-Pacific dominated the bio-based 1,4-butanediol regional market in 2020 up to 54.3%, owing to the increasing demand for tetrahydrofuran, polybutylene terephthalate, aldehyde dehydrogenase, from various end-use industries present in the region. Automotive production has been growing in the Asia-Pacific region. For instance, according to the International Trade Administration (ITA), China continues to be the world’s largest vehicle market, and the Chinese government expecting that automobile output will reach 30 million units by 2020 and 35 million by 2025. In addition, Asia-Pacific countries have the world’s biggest manufacturing base for electronics. Production of electronics has increased with the rise in disposable income of the middle-class population and the growing demand for electronic products from countries importing electronic products from China. In India, through initiatives such as a Phased Manufacturing Program (PMP), the government has also pushed the growth of the electronics industry to add more smartphone components under the Make in India program, to encourage the domestic manufacture of cell phones. The demand for electronics and automobiles has increased significantly with the growing income of the population coupled with the increasing population, which is aiding in bio-based 1,4-butanediol market growth.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Drivers

Increasing Demand for Bio-based 1,4-butanediol as Chemical Intermediate

Development of new and higher-value downstream products, such as polyurethanes for lightweight and durable parts for the automotive, construction, and electronics sectors, which could outperform conventional plastic, is another opportunity where bio-based BDO could potentially feature and grow as it is an intermediate material used during the production of polyurethanes. The ease of molding, combined with polyurethane strength, durability, and lightweight, making them ideal for use in all important areas of manufacturing automobiles. According to the Plastics Europe industry association, a rule-of-thumb is 5% less weight means average fuel savings of 3%. Hence, using plastic in automotive is an emerging trend. The use of lightweight components has been limited to racing cars and luxury vehicles, where the cost of materials and has been penetrated passenger and commercial automobile manufacturing. The construction and electronics industry is booming in the Asia-Pacific countries, and it is anticipated that the construction and electronics industry will also grow tremendously in the region. With the increasing automotive, construction, and electronics industry, the demand for polyurethane in the industry, is also set to see an increase.

Increasing Demand for Textiles drive the market growth

Consumers continue to alter lifestyles and purchasing patterns. With the increasing per capita income of individuals in various regions coupled with the increasing population, the demand for textiles is on an upsurge. For instance, the U.S. fashion apparel industry is expected to hit approximately US$400 billion by 2025, according to the International Trade Administration (ITA). The Indian government has developed the ‘Apparel Park for Exports’ concept to give a targeted push to the establishment of international quality apparel manufacturing facilities in potential growth areas. Thus, the growth in demand from the textile sector, especially for use in casual wear, is expected to drive the growth of the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market throughout the forecast period. Increasing demand for use in activewear and sportswear is another major factor expected to fuel the growth of the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market over the forecast period.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Challenges

Cost Factor Associated with Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol

The coming years will probably witness the crucial years for the Bio-based 1,4-butanediol industry with the introduction of new regulations and specifications. A player will have constantly to adapt to the market by reducing the complexity of the supply chain, allowing for cost-effective blending through superior base stock design and performance, and ensure an affordable, reliable supply. Also, the high cost associated with the bio-based 1,4-butanediol manufacturing process is going to underlay hindrance for the bio-based 1,4-butanediol manufacturers and customers as this would directly impact the cost of bio-based 1,4-butanediol. Furthermore, keeping the cost of bio-based 1,4-butanediol reasonable and affordable is going to be another challenge faced by the manufacturers. All these factors would certainly restrict the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market growth during the forecast period.

Bio-Based 1,4-Butanediol Market Landscape

Technology launches, acquisitions, and R&D activities are key strategies adopted by players in the Bio-based 1,4-butanediol Market. Major players in the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market are DSM, BASF SE, Novamount S.p.A, Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, and INEOS Enterprises.

Acquisitions/Technology Launches

In September 2019, INEOS Enterprises acquired the entire composites business from Ashland Global Holdings Inc. The acquisition also includes a 1,4-butanediol facility in Germany.

Key Takeaways

Asia-Pacific dominates the bio-based 1,4-butanediol market. The region’s demand is driven by the increasing use of bio-based 1,4-butanediol in the automotive, electronics, and consumer appliances industries.

The automobile industry dominated the market. As demand for vehicle applications increases, the bio-based market for 1,4-butanediol is expected to expand during the forecast period.

During the forecast era, the change in focus towards eco-friendly goods, increased research to develop bio-based PBT, and technological developments are likely to provide opportunities for the bio-based.

Related Reports

A. 1,4 Butanediol Market

B. Tetrahydrofuran Market

For more Chemicals and Materials Market reports, please click here

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